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NASA reveals employee data breach in internal memo

Information on employees may have been exposed, but it's unlikely that missions were compromised.

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

NASA revealed a hack on Tuesday.

Omar Marques/SOPA Images/LightRocket via Getty Images

NASA on Tuesday disclosed a data breach involving current and former employees' personal data.

The space agency discovered that one of its servers was compromised on Oct. 23, it revealed in an internal memo posted to Spaceref.

The server included employees' personal info, including Social Security numbers, but the agency doesn't know if that data was stolen. NASA is working with federal cybersecurity partners to figure it out.

"Those NASA Civil Service employees who were on-boarded, separated from the agency, and/or transferred between Centers, from July 2006 to October 2018, may have been affected," Bob Gibbs, the assistant administrator in NASA's office of human capital management, wrote in the memo.

The agency doesn't believe any of its missions, which include the InSight lander's work on Mars, were compromised by the breach.

The memo doesn't mention why NASA waited nearly two months to inform employees, but our sister site ZDNet (which previously reported on the memo) noted that US law enforcement regularly asks hacked organizations to delay notifying potential victims during an investigation.

"NASA takes cybersecurity very seriously and is committed to devoting the necessary resources to ensure the security of agency information and IT systems," the agency said in an emailed statement, which also noted that it'd provide identity protection services to those potentially affected.

Back in August, the US State Department suffered a data breach that exposed some employee data.

First published at 3:08 a.m. PT.
Updated at 5:55 a.m. PT: Added NASA statement.

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Apple's rare sales warning sparks iPhone fatigue fears

The company blames a deceleration in demand in China, but investors imagine the worst.

Angela Lang/CNET

Apple's new lineup of iPhones didn't have a happy holiday. And a rare sales forecast slash may bode poorly for the rest of the year.

In a letter to investors on Wednesday, Apple CEO Tim Cook warned that the company's fiscal first-quarter revenue would be weaker than previously expected. It now sees sales of $84 billion, well below the range of $89 billion to $94 billion that it forecast in November. Its gross margin is now expected to be approximately 38 percent, a tick below the range of 38 percent to 38.5 percent range it previously forecast, suggesting a shift to lower-priced, less profitable products.

A warning from Apple, one of the most valuable and profitable companies in the world, is a rare occurrence that hasn't happened in at least 15 years. The weaker holiday season -- a critical period in which most of Apple's iPhones are sold -- will fan growing belief that the company is struggling with consumer fatigue for its popular smartphone and that sales may be on a downward slide. The company raised a red flag in November when it said it would stop disclosing how many units it sells each quarter.

"iPhone units are likely down, and I believe prices on the more premium, higher-priced phones are down due to holiday discounting," said Patrick Moorhead, an analyst at Moor Insights.

The warning prompted concerns similar to those Apple endured more than a decade ago, when it missed its fiscal fourth-quarter numbers amid an economic downturn. Then-CEO Steve Jobs broke his practice of skipping analyst calls in order to quell investor fear, reiterating that Apple would be fine. (He was right.)

Apple shares fell 7 percent to $147 in trading after the market close on Wednesday. On Thursday morning, shares fell another 9.5 percent to $142.88.

Blame China

This time, the economic downturn isn't in the US. Cook blamed much of the shortfall on China, where the company underestimated a decelerating economy. The company saw a decline in sales of iPhones, Macs and iPads in the country.

Cook cited macro factors like trade friction between the US and China, the world's two biggest economies.

"We believe the economic environment in China has been further impacted by rising trade tensions with the United States," Cook said.

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Beyond demand in China, Cook also blamed a decrease in carrier subsidies, price increases in foreign markets caused by a strong US dollar and customers taking advantage of cheaper battery replacements.

Cook pointed the finger as well at a slowing smartphone market, which has taken a toll on other big players, like Samsung. But Avi Greengart, an analyst at Global Data, says Apple's not taking into account the rise of players like China's Huawei, the second-largest phone maker in the world. Or Oppo, which owns the hot upstart player OnePlus.

"Apple does have a strong franchise in China, but it is not immune from competition," Greengart said.

In an interview with CNBC, Cook said a host of new products introduced in the quarter contributed to the sales miss.

"We had an unprecedented number of new products during the quarter. We had new watches, we had new iPad Pros," Cook told the financial network. "Both of these were constrained for all or most of the quarter."

Still, he remains bullish.

"We had sort of a collection of items going on." Cook told CNBC. "Some that are macroeconomic and some that are Apple-specific. And we're not going to sit around waiting for the macro to change -- I hope that it does and I'm actually optimistic -- but we're going to focus really deeply on the things we can control."

Questions about demand

Apple was already facing questions about demand for its next lineup of iPhones. In the latter months of 2018, Apple introduced the iPhone XS and iPhone XS Max, which offered modest upgrades like a faster processor and, in the case of the Max, a big size increase. The other new product was the lower-priced iPhone XR, which came in different colors and cost less than the iPhone XS because of its cheaper components.

Addressing concerns that the new iPhones weren't selling well, Apple said the iPhone XR has been its top-selling iPhone since its launch, which came a month after that of the iPhone XS and iPhone XS Max.

But the iPhone XR sits in an awkward position. It doesn't have the latest and greatest specs to satisfy the hardcore Apple fanboy, but at $750, it is still an expensive upgrade for consumers used to a baseline $650 for a new iPhone.

In the meantime, Apple's older iPhone 7 and iPhone 8 models remain available for consumers who don't want to break the bank for a new smartphone.

Apple has been shifting its strategy so it's less reliant on the iPhone and generating more of its revenue from services like iTunes, the App Store and its upcoming streaming video service.

"The services business will have a longer impact than hardware sales," said Carolina Milanesi, an analyst at Creative Strategies.

First published Jan. 2 at 1:42 p.m. PT.
Update 1:57 p.m.: To include further details
Update 2:14 p.m.: To include further details, stock market price and background.
Update 2:55 p.m.: To include analyst comments.
Update 3:10 p.m.: To include further comment from Tim Cook from a CNBC interview.
Update 4:40 p.m.: To include more Tim Cook comments.
Update Jan. 3 at 6:40 a.m.: To include a new stock quote and analyst comment.

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